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Body Dysmorphic Disorder

BDD or Body Dysmorphic Disorder is a preoccupation or obsession with a defect in visual appearance, whether that be an actual slight imperfection or an imagined one. BDD goes beyond normal concern with one's appearance and may significantly impair normal, everyday functioning, as well as interpersonal relationships.

Common Symptoms

• Low self-esteem

• Unreasonable fears of rejection from others due to perceived ugliness

• Some realization that one's perception of his/her "defect" is distorted, but an uncontrollable impulse to think about it

DSM-IV Diagnostic Criteria

• Preoccupation with an imagined defect in appearance. If a slight physical anomaly is present, the person's concern is markedly excessive.

• The preoccupation causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

• The preoccupation is not better accounted for by another mental disorder (e.g., dissatisfaction with body shape and size in Anorexia Nervosa).

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